Long the dominant religion of the West, Christianity is now rapidly becoming the principal faith in much of the postcolonial worlda development that marks a momentous shift in the religion's very center of gravity. In this eye-opening book, Lamin Sanneh examines the roots of this "post-Western awakening" and the unparalleled richness and diversity, as well as the tension and conflict, it has brought to World Christianity.
Tracing Christianity's rise from its birth on the edge of the Roman empirewhen it proclaimed itself to be a religion for the entire world, not just for one people, one time, and one placeto its key role in Europe's maritime and colonial expansion, Sanneh sheds new light on the ways in which post-Western societies in Africa, Asia, and Latin America were drawn into the Christian orbit. Ultimately, he shows, these societies outgrew Christianity's colonial forms and restructured it through their own languages and idiomsa process that often occurred outside, and sometimes against, the lines of denominational control. The effect of such changes, Sanneh contends, has been profound, transforming not only worship, prayer, and the interpretation of Scripture, but also art, aesthetics, and music associated with the church. In exploring this story of Christianity's global expansion and its current resurgence in the non-Western world, Sanneh pays close attention to such issues as the faith's encounters with Islam and indigenous religions, as well as with secular ideologies such as Marxism and nationalism. He also considers the challenges that conservative, non-Western forms of Christianity pose to Western liberal values and Enlightenment ideas.
Here then is a groundbreaking study of Christianity's role in cultural innovation and historical changeand must reading for all who are concerned with the present and future of the faith.
"I am lost in admiration for Lamin Sanneh's magnificent study of world Christianity, for the work's geographical scope and historical sweep, and for the breadth of the author's learning. Throughout, Sanneh asks the critical question: how can we reconceive Christianity in a way that frees it from its European and imperial contexts, permitting the faith to adapt to the kaleidoscopic realities of different societies around the globe. This is a splendid achievement."
author of The Next Christendom
The first in the "Oxford Studies in World Christianity" series, which should fill gaps in the scholarly publication landscape, this volume delivers not the truly "groundbreaking study" it promises but an able treatment nonetheless of a much-neglected topic. Sanneh, a Yale professor and author of several books on related subjects, including Whose Religion Is Christianity? The Gospel Beyond the West , smartly considers Christianity in what he terms "its current post-Western phase," having developed in many regions without the influence of, for example, scholarly traditions (Sanneh himself perhaps mirrors this in his introduction, where he uncritically equates the character of Peter in Acts with Peter the historical figure). Sanneh is at his best in presenting more recent history, particularly that of missionary activity over the last several centuries in the Arab world, the Americas, Africa, and China. Last but not least, he eschews the easy categorization of evangelistic relations, instead "problematizing" the simplistic correlation of missionary activity to colonizing power. Recommended for larger and/or more subject-focused collections.-Darby Orcutt, North Carolina State Univ. Libs., RaleighCopyright 2006 Reed Business Information.