Set against a background of growing public, media and political concern about occupational and environmental health issues, and a scientific need to better understand and explain the effects of pollutants on human health, this book is a unique resource. Contributions from an expert panel of international practitioners provide a comprehensive reference on the state of the art methods and applications in the field of occupational and environmental pollution and the adverse health effects, particularly the exposure assessment in epidemiological studies.
Risks associated with occupational and environmental exposure are generally small, but the exposed population, and hence the population attributable risk, may be large. To detect small risk, the exposure assessment needs to be very refined. Exposure assessment is the study of the distribution and determinants of potentially hazardous agents, and includes the estimation of intensity, duration and frequency of exposure, the variation of these indices and their determinants. The aim of this book is to develop an understanding and knowledge of exposure assessment methods and their application to substantive issues in occupational and environmental epidemiology. The emphasis is on methodological principles and good practice. It is focused on exposure assessment in both occupational and environmental epidemiology since there are many similarities but also some interesting differences. The book outlines the basic principles of exposure assessment, and examines the current status and research questions in the exposure assessment of occupational and environmental epidemiological studies of allergens, particulate matter, chlorination disinfection by-products, agricultural pesticides and radiofrequencies.
The book will be of interest to all concerned with exposure assessment and epidemiology. It will be a valuable source for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in exposure assessment, occupational hygiene, environmental science, epidemiology, toxicology, biostatistics, occupational and environmental health, health risk assessment and related disciplines and a useful resource of reference for policy makers and regulators.
Reviewer:Robert I. Krieger, PhD(University of California Riverside)
Description:This is a comprehensive introduction to methods and techniques for the study of relationships between environmental chemicals and health issues derived from human exposure. The edited book was developed by a group of international contributors with current activities in exposure assessment.
Purpose:The editor sought to develop an understanding and knowledge of exposure assessment methods and their application to substantive issues in occupational and environmental epidemiology. This objective is broad and worthy. Due to the breadth of coverage, the book is presented at a more basic level that expected, thus making it especially useful as a text at the undergraduate and graduate levels. The emphasis on principles and good practice is true throughout the book.
Audience:The content and style of the book make it especially useful for the student population in occupational hygiene, environmental toxicology, and occupational and environmental health, particularly those engaged in chemical exposure assessment and environmental epidemiology. The book will also be a useful reference for nonspecialists in the health sciences, policy makers, and regulators. The editor has demonstrated comprehensive mastery of the field in providing this seamless, multiauthored book.
Features:The book addresses critical issues in exposure assessment and environmental epidemiology using helpful references and carefully crafted text. The balanced presentation is not dominated by the special interests and experience of authors. Tables and figures are carefully chosen and presented in formats that help to unify the book. These factors make the book especially useful. At the same time, text and references are sufficient to satisfy the needs of more advanced persons. A future edition may include a Current Topic on dietary exposure that would introduce readers to a remarkably well-developed aspect of exposure assessment that was omitted from this offering. Dietary risk fits very nicely into the category of low risk with high attributable population risk.
Assessment:The editor has made progress integrating environmental and occupational inhalation and dermal exposures. The book is high quality and will meet the needs of students and practitioners who seek an integrated introduction to exposure assessment and environmental epidemiology.