When we think of giving gifts, we think of exchanging objects that carry with them economic or symbolic value. But is every valuable thing a potentially exchangeable item, whose value can be transferred? In The Enigma of the Gift, the distinguished French anthropologist Maurice Godelier reassesses the significance of gifts in social life by focusing on sacred objects, which are never exchanged despite the value they possess.
Beginning with an analysis of the seminal work of Marcel Mauss and Claude Lévi-Strass, and drawing on his own fieldwork in Melanesia, Godelier argues that traditional theories are flawed because they consider only exchangeable gifts. By explaining gift-giving in terms of sacred objects and the authoritative conferral of power associated with them, Godelier challenges both recent and traditional theories of gift-giving, provocatively refreshing a traditional debate.
Elegantly translated by Nora Scott, The Enigma of the Gift is at once a major theoretical contribution and an essential guide to the history of the theory of the gift.
A translation of the work published in French in 1996 (Librarie Artheme Fayard). French anthropologist Godelier (Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris) reassesses the notion of the significance of gifts in social life and in the constitution of the social bond. Traditionally, theory of gift- giving has revolved around the exchange of objects whose value can be transferred. Instead, Godelier focuses on the realm of sacred objects, which possess value but are never exchanged, and on the conferral of power associated with them. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.