Why have ninety million workers around the globe left their homes for employment in other countries? What can be done to ensure that international labor migration is a force for global betterment? This groundbreaking book presents the most comprehensive analysis of the causes and effects of labor migration available, and it recommends sensible, sustainable migration policies that are fair to migrants and to the countries that open their doors to them.
The authors survey recent trends in international migration for employment and demonstrate that the flow of authorized and illegal workers over borders presents a formidable challenge in countries and regions throughout the world. They note that not all migration is from undeveloped to developed countries and discuss the murky relations between immigration policies and politics. The book concludes with specific recommendations for justly managing the world’s growing migrant workforce.
Given declining birthrates and increased longevity in rich countries, international migration is likely to become a more important feature of the international landscape in the coming decades. Destinations of immigration include not only the rich countries of Europe and North America, but also emerging-market countries, such as Thailand, whose economies are prospering. This book reviews the issues involved in international migration, paying special attention to programs for temporary workers in a number of countries. The authors discuss dispassionately both the advantages and the disadvantages of these programs, and why they have often been terminated after some years (for example, in the United States and Germany). Overall, they find such programs far preferable to the growing number of illegal workers, who are vulnerable to abuse and exploitation both by employers and by migration brokers. The book usefully provides in an appendix the International Labor Organization's conventions on migrant labor.