Overviews folk and fairy tales as a type of world folklore, discusses examples, and explores manifestations of these tales throughout world literature and culture.
Although it contains a few tales as examples, this handbook concentrates more on the academic aspects of folk and fairy tales. After an extensive introduction, Ashliman (German, emeritus, Univ. of Pittsburgh) defines and classifies folklore and fairy tales using a variety of criteria but focusing on the Aarne-Thompson typology. The third section gives example texts of tale types, from allegory and anecdote to frame stories, tall tales, and riddles. Following each text, a commentary provides some history and links it with similar tales. Chapter 4 discusses the scholarship of folklore, beginning with Plato and Socrates and ending with the psychological theories of Freud and Jung, sociological readings such as Marxist and feminist, and aesthetic approaches. A final section places folklore in the context of world literature, music, art, and film, from Chaucer to Disney. An excellent glossary and an extensive bibliography follow. Web resources listed include foreign language sites as well as folklore organizations and journals. Recommended for academic and public libraries. Katherine K. Koenig, Ellis Sch., Pittsburgh Copyright 2004 Reed Business Information.