FROM IDEA TO ESSAY is a rhetorically arranged rhetoric/reader/research paper guide/handbook that systematically leads students through the complex process of writing an essay. Part I covers the fundamentals of essay writing. The heart of the book, Part II, teaches the nine rhetorical modes in nine identically structured chapters. Part III addresses writing research papers and using documentation. Part IV presents a handbook of grammar, punctuation, and mechanics. FROM IDEA TO ESSAY features appealing readings with literary, professional, and student examples presented together with vocabulary words for study. The text includes a wealth of writing activities, including visually-based and internet-research assignments. The Twelfth Edition is more brief and concise than previous editions, giving it greater functionality and accessibility for students. This edition has been updated to reflect guidelines from the 2009 MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, Seventh Edition.