In discussing a wide array of legal, biological, and sociocultural definitions, Eva Garroutte documents how these have frequently been manipulated by the federal government, by tribal officials, and by
Indian and non-
Indian individuals to gain political, social, or economic advantage. Whether or not one agrees with her solutions, anyone seriously concerned with contemporary American
Indian issues should read this book."Garrick Bailey, editor of The Osage and the
Indians is a remarkably candid, engaging, and compelling book. It tells the important and often controversial story of how '
Indian-ness' is negotiated in American culture by indigenous peoples, policy makers, and scholars."Robert Wuthnow, author of Creative Spirituality
"Eva Marie Garroutte has done an exemplary job of combining scholarly sources, personal accounts, interview data, and self-reflection to catalog and examine the ways in which individual and collective identities are asserted, negotiated, and revitalized. She invites readers to imagine an intellectual space where scholarly and traditional ways of knowing and telling come face to face in an epistemological landscape where the 'traditions' of social science and 'radical indigenism' can confront one another in constructive dialogue."Joane Nagel, author of Race, Ethnicity, and Sexuality