Guliver's Travels, first published in 1726, was read "from Cabinet-council to the Nursery". Written by Jonathan Swift (1667-1745) it was and still is one of the greatest satires written on human nature.
Captain Lemuel Gulliver takes voyages that end up at four fantastic places. The Lilliputians are only six inches tall. The land of Brobdingnag is populated with beings over sixty feet tall. He also visits a series of lands peopled by the most impratical groups. Lastly he visits a land ruled by horses where men are the laboring brutes.
Guliver's Travels was rated by George Orwell as one of the six most indispensable books in the world.